Now, listen to a story 'bout a man named Ugh
He didn't have house or a lamp or a rug
He hunted and he gathered every day for his food
And the weapons that he used were wooden and crude

Big wooden clubs, that is
Stone tipped spears

  • Hunter comes from the Old English word meaning "pursuer" or "someone who chases after something" and gatherer comes from the Old English word gaedor, which is the same word from which we get together.
  • Old Stone Age: Paleolithic (paleos/old, lithos/stone) is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. It covers virtually all of humanity's time on Earth, extending from 2.5 million years ago to the introduction of agriculture in around 10,000 BC
  • When speaking of the last few million years, ice age is used to refer to colder periods with extensive ice sheets over the North American and Eurasian continents: in this sense, the most recent ice age ended about 10,000 years ago.
  • Not that the Ice Age and Paleolithic Era ended right at the same time.
  • To experience life as a caveman, go camping with as little as possible.
It's hard to have a household when your dinner runs away
It's hard to start a city when you move from day to day
It's hard to write down all the things you know that you should save
When you're waking, eating, sleeping, living; holed up in a cave.

Migratin', that is
Following food

  • Culture is a Latin word which can mean "dwelling," "tilling," or "worship." It means the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another.
  • Migration is a Latin word meaning "moving from one place to another"
  • Writing comes from an Old English word which means "to cut" because that is how they used to write (chisel runes in stone). It means "the ability of a person or culture to record information."
  • Neolithic comes from the Greek words neo or new and lithos or stone. It is the period in which human beings discovered new ways to make tools, how to make fire, and agriculture.
  • This verse is mostly about how humans were not able to establish a culture because they were nomadic or migratory, always moving from place to place to find food and water.
One day Ugh decided that he'd finally had enough
The hunting and the gathering was really rather rough
He's had his fill of his last kill and left it for a vulture
He found a fertile field and invented agriculture

Farming, that is
Food that stays put.

  • Agriculture comes from two Latin words, agri or field and culture. It means production of crops, livestock or poultry ... basically any kind of farming.
  • Silt comes from the Old English word sylt, which is the same word from which we get salt. It means earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried by moving or running water and deposited as a sediment. Silt produces fertile soil and is found primarily along moving freshwater, like rivers.
  • Environment comes from a Latin word meaning turn, circle or surround. It means the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors surrounding and affecting a given organism at any time.
  • Innovations comes from the Latin word novus or new. It means new inventions and technologies
He domesticated cattle so he'd have some milk and meat
Made a house and clothes to wear in the times of cold and heat
He dug a dozen ditches all to irrigate his farm
Turned all his spears to plowshares and then built a big, brown barn

For storing food, that is
He had more than enough.

  • Irrigation comes from the Latin word rigare, which means "to soak." It means to supply land with water
  • Housing comes from the Old English word hus and has the same meaning. Permanent is an interesting word. It comes from the Latin word manere, which means "stay." From manere, we get "remain," which makes sense, but we also get "manor" and "mansion." Permanent housing is housing that says put.
  • Plow is an Old English word (ploh) which still means the same thing, an instrument used for turning up soil, or turning up soil with said instrument
  • Domesticate comes from the Latin word domus, which means house. It means to make usable for the home or by humans. The word dome comes from domus as well.
  • Surplus comes from two Latin words, super or beyond and plus or more. It is an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed
  • Textiles comes from the Latin word textus which means "to weave." It means fabric and cloth. We also get the words text, textbook, texting and the like from textus.
  • Technology comes from the Greek words techno or skill, and logy or study of. It is the sum of the ways in which social groups provide themselves with the material objects of their civilization